How is phobia different from fear?

It is important to distinguish phobias from fear for the reason that it is important to understand how far the problem with the psyche has gone. While fear in many cases is normal and rational, a phobia is irrational. Its presence indicates some turmoil in the body that needs to be addressed urgently. Phobias intensify over time, and also cause the emergence of new ones. So you need to clearly identify what is going on with your psyche.  This remedy helps against many phobias:

It is normal and even healthy to experience fear in dangerous situations. Fear is an adaptive human response to threat. It serves a protective purpose by activating the “hit or run” response. In this case, adrenaline and cortisol enter the body, making the person stronger.

But with phobias, the threat is greatly exaggerated or absent. For example, it is natural to be afraid of a snarling Doberman, but irrational to be scared of a friendly poodle on a leash. Let’s give some more examples.

Fear: it is normal to feel anxious during turbulence on an airplane. Phobia: not showing up to your best friend’s wedding if you have to take a plane to another country.
Fear: feeling stomach cramps while looking out the window of a skyscraper or climbing high stairs. Phobia: giving up a great job because it is on the tenth floor of an office building.
Fear: worrying about crocodiles. Phobia: being afraid of a picture of a crocodile and constantly going over and over in your head the images of yourself dying from it.
Fear: feeling uncomfortable with a doctor’s injection. Phobia: avoiding necessary medical procedures because you are afraid of syringes.
If we talk about the physical symptoms of phobia, they are similar to those that occur during fear:

Shortness of breath.
Increased heart palpitations.
Pain in the chest.

Bloating of the stomach.
Tingling in the body.
Physically, a phobia can only be distinguished by fever and fainting. But emotional symptoms are easier because there are clear divergences between phobia and fear:

A feeling of overwhelming anxiety.
An overwhelming desire to avoid the object of the phobia.
Feeling of unreality of what is happening, “separation” of the body from the consciousness.
Fear of losing control or going insane.
Complete powerlessness in the face of imaginary danger.
But to better understand how phobias work, it is also necessary to know what they are.